On January 29, 2020, President Donald Trump signed the agreement between the United States, Mexico-Canada. Canada has not yet adopted it in its parliamentary body until January 2020. Mexico was the first country to ratify the agreement in 2019. According to a report by the New York City public tank report, Council on Foreign Relations (CFR), bilateral agricultural trade tripled between 1994 and 2017 and is considered one of the main economic effects of NAFTA on trade between the United States and Canada, with Canada becoming the largest importer of U.S. agricultural sectors.  Fears of job losses in the U.S. manufacturing sector were not due to the fact that manufacturing employment remained “stable”. Given Canada`s labour productivity, which rose to 72% of the U.S. level, hopes of closing the “productivity gap” between the two countries were also not realized. During his tenure, there has been a great deal of criticism of NAFTA and what it has accomplished. Many critics blame a decline in the manufacturing workforce, which CNN says has fallen from 17 million in 1994 to 12.4 million in 2017 – and claims to send those jobs to Mexico, which is a cheaper job. Many small U.S. companies under NAFTA depended on exporting their products to Canada or Mexico. According to the U.S. Trade Representative, this trade has supported more than 140,000 small and medium-sized enterprises in the United States.  In 2015, the Congressional Research Service concluded that “the overall net impact of NAFTA on the U.S. economy appears to be relatively small, not least because trade with Canada and Mexico accounts for a small percentage of U.S.
GDP. However, there have been adjustment costs for workers and businesses as the three countries have prepared for more open trade and investment between their economies. The report also estimated that nafta has added $80 billion to the U.S. economy since its inception, a 0.5% increase in U.S. GDP.  The main provisions of NAFTA called for a gradual reduction in tariffs, tariffs and other trade barriers between the three Member States, with some tariffs removed immediately and others over a 15-year period. The agreement guaranteed duty-free access for a wide range of industrial products and goods traded between the signatories. “Domestic goods” have been granted to products imported from other NAFTA countries and prohibit all governments, local or provincial, from imposing taxes or tariffs on these products.