The British Parliament approved the draft agreement by adopting on 23 January 2020 the implementing laws (the 2020 Withdrawal Agreement Act) of the European Union (withdrawal agreement). Following the signing of the agreement, the UK Government adopted and tabled the UK`s ratification instrument on 29 January 2020.  The agreement was ratified by the Council of the European Union on 30 January 2020, after approval by the European Parliament on 29 January 2020. The UK`s withdrawal from the EU came into force on 31 January 2020 at 11 .m GMT, when the withdrawal agreement came into force in accordance with Article 185. 78.Au, British courts may continue to refer cases to the Court of Justice, eight years after the end of the transition, in order to obtain preliminary decisions on the interpretation of the second part of the agreement, as stated above in Part 50 of the judgment. 59.Im joint report published in December 2017, the UK and the EU largely agreed on the parameters of the citizens` rights agreement. These commitments were translated into a negotiating text after the march 2018 draft withdrawal agreement was published. The Version of the November 2018 Act has hardly been amended and is reproduced in its entirety in the most recent text. However, not all issues have been resolved in the manner desired by stakeholders. 51 Public right for all, The Brexit withdrawal agreement: withdrawing “control of our laws”? (23 November 2018): publiclawforeveryone.com/2018/11/23/the-brexit-withdrawal-agreement-taking-back-control-of-our-laws/ [recalled 18 December 2019] The UK and the EU have not yet started negotiations on the free trade agreement, so we cannot know for sure. Both parties stated that, as part of a future trade agreement, the court would only resolve disputes relating to EU law that could not be resolved by a joint committee. On 6 September 2020, the Financial Times reported that the UK government was considering drafting new laws to circumvent the protocol of the Northern Ireland Withdrawal Agreement. The new law would give ministers the power to determine which state aid should be notified to the EU and to define which products at risk of being transferred from Northern Ireland to Ireland (the withdrawal agreement stipulates that in the absence of a reciprocal agreement, all products are considered vulnerable).  The government defended this approach and stated that the legislation was in accordance with protocol and that it had only “clarified” the volumity in the protocol.  Ursula von der Leyen warned Johnson not to violate international law and said that the implementation of the withdrawal agreement by Britain was a “precondition for any future partnership”.  On 8 September, the Minister of Foreign Affairs for Northern Ireland, Brandon Lewis, told the British Parliament that the government`s internal market bill would “violate international law”.”  However, there is no chance that other Member States will accept the continuation of these rights unless the United Kingdom agrees to comply with the rules, including established methods for determining legal issues arising from these rules.